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WEEK 1 • JANUARY 10-16

LESSON 6

GOD WILL BUILD DAVID A HOUSE

LESSON TEXT:

1 CHRONICLES 17:1-15; PSALM 2:6-9

MEMORY VERSE
"And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?" (Mat­thew 12:23)

KEY TERMS
Dual fulfillment—the idea that some prophecies in the Bible have both a short-term and long-term fulfillment.
Nomadic—roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or without a fixed pattern of movement.
Sheepcote—an enclosure for confining sheep; sheepfold.


SUGGESTED EMPHASIS

We remember David by the epithet God gave him, "a man after mine own heart" (Acts 13:22). Stories like this week's lesson scripture remind us of what the Lord found en­dearing about him. Having recently constructed a tabernacle for the nation's public worship, and having furnished it with the long-absent Ark of the Covenant, King David was not content to rest on his laurels. He compared his beautiful, ceiled palace with the tent that held the Ark, and he became dissatisfied. He wanted the God of Israel to be honored at least as much as the king of Israel.

Emphasis 1: David's Zeal for the House of God

We are told David summoned his confidant Nathan, the prophet, to the palace to dis­cuss his intentions. "Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the Lord remaineth under curtains" (1 Chron. 17:1). Initially, Nathan was delighted with the prospect. "Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee," he answered the king. But the prophet would have to retract those words. The Lord spoke to him that night, and told him to return to the king with a different message: "Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in..." (v. 4).

The Lord reminded David that until that day, He had never dwelled in a temple, but al­ways in a tent. This was intentional during the wilderness years, because the nomadic lifestyle of the Israelites required a portable meeting place. But even after the nation came to rest in the Promised Land, the Lord did not ask Israel's leaders to build Him a temple. In fact, in the manner He described these leaders here ("any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people..."), we can infer the valued pastoral ministry more than building projects. It appears the leaders were supposed to care for the flock rather than construct cathedrals.

Emphasis 2: God's Zeal for the House of David

God also instructed the prophet to rehearse David's rise to eminence. It was recounted how he was taken from the sheepcote—a pen that may not have even had a roof—and brought to a ceiled palace. The Lord took full credit for this success. God had been with David "whithersoever thou hast walked," He had cut off all David's enemies, and He had blessed him with honor and renown (1 Chron. 17:8). The Lord also acknowl­edged that although the Israelites settled in Canaan long ago, their boundaries had remained somewhat fluid. Israel had been "wasted" by the surrounding peoples, like the Philistines, who often made incursions and built strongholds in their land. But now it was promised that they would be planted in a secure place, no longer driven by for­eign enemies. But then Nathan's prophecy became quite personal. "Furthermore I tell you that the Lord will build you a house" (1 Chron. 17:10). After David died, the Lord promised that a son of his would sit on the throne and build a temple. And his would be a dynasty that lasted forever. "I will be his Father, and he will be my son. I will never take my favor from him as I took it from the one who ruled before you. I will confirm him as king over my house and my kingdom for all time, and his throne will be secure forever" (vv. 13,14 NLT).

Emphasis 3: Fulfillment in Two Future Kings

Nathan's foretelling of a Davidic dynasty appears to have had a dual fulfillment. Quite obviously, Solomon proved to be the primary subject of the declaration, "I will raise up thy seed after thee" (1 Chron. 17:11). But the promised Jewish Messiah would also fit this description. He was going to be in the bloodline of David, and he was going to rule eternally. As a well-known Messianic psalm styled it, God expressed the intent to set "my king upon my holy hill of Zion" (Ps. 2:6). To this king, Yahweh announced: "Thou art my Son" (Ps. 2:7). Jesus simultaneously fulfilled the roles of 'Son of David' and 'Son of God': "Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; and declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead..." (Rom. 1:3,4). So the message to King David was as much about his distant descendant as it was about Solomon.


MISSION APPLICATION QUESTIONS

What was commendable about the zeal David demonstrated for the house of God?
In what ways does Jesus fulfill the prophecy about the son of David?
How do you feel when you can't do the thing you wanted to do for God? Please explain how you handle your feelings.

WORLD MISSIONS PRAYER POINTS

Let us pray to aspire to achieve something great for the Lord.
Let us pray to always do our best, particularly in works that glorify God.
Let us pray to be men and women after God's own heart.