Jesus' Agony In The Garden


Third Week

Central Verse

"And being in agony he prayed more earnest­ly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground."
Luke 22:44, KJV

Background Reading

Matthew 26:36-39; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:39-46; John 18:1

"And being in anguish, he prayed more ear­nestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood
falling to the ground" Luke 22:44, NIV


Jesus knew His purpose for coming to the earth in hu­man flesh; however, when time came for Him to die, His flesh did not want to die. The human side of Jesus dread­ed the inevitable moment that He would have to endure the suffering foretold by the prophet Isaiah: "I gave my back to the smithers, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair" (Isaiah 50:6); "He was oppressed, and he was afflicted... he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter" (Isaiah 53:7). But the God side of Him considered the great price that He would pay for redemption and em­braced it. This wrestling within led him to the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus dealt with His dilemma the only way He knew. He took time to pray.


Many events occurred during the time leading up to Jesus' crucifixion, and His agony in the Garden of Gethse­mane was one of them. It was at Gethsemane that Jesus went with His disciples after He had eaten the Last Supper with them in the upper room. He told His disciples to sit for a while, while He would go and pray a little distance away.

Devotional Reading
Isaiah 53:1-12

 Key Terms
Agony — Intense pain of mind or body; anguish, torture.
Metaphor — A figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally de­noting one kind of object or idea issued in place of another to suggest likeness or analogy between them.
Cup of suffering--- Pain that is caused by injury, illness, loss, etc.: physical, mental, or emotional pain that falls to one's lot.

Leaving most of the disciples, Jesus took with Him Peter, James, and John as He went further in the garden to pray. There, He became very sorrowful and heavy of heart, and it was then that He told the three disciples that His "soul was exceeding sorrowful, even to death." "And he, went a little farther, fell on His face, and prayed, saying, "0 my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me nevertheless, not as I will but as thou wilt" (Mat­thew 26:38, 39).

That night in Gethsemane, Jesus entered into a series of prayers, and this was the first of the three prayers that He prayed. His first prayer was so intense that an angel from Heaven came down and ministered to Him strengthening Him. He continued praying, being in agony, until sweat like drops of blood was falling to the ground.

He stopped praying, came back to His disciples, and found them asleep. He said to Peter, "What, could ye not watch with me for one hour? Watch now, and pray that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit is indeed willing, but the flesh is weak" (Matthew 26:41). Jesus then prayed again: "0 my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done" (Matthew 26:42). He came back to His disciples and found them sleep again, for they were very sleepy, to the point that they could not keep their eyes open. He could not find any help from the men who had vowed that they would always be there for Him.

He went away from them again and began to pray the third time saying the same words to God. When He returned to His disciples, He found them still asleep. So He said to them, "Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me" (Matthew 26: 45-46).

Even though Jesus' flesh did not want to die, Jesus' will would soon align with His Father's will. He knew fully what the agony of the cross would mean when His soul would be made an offering for sin. What He dreaded was the manner of death. He knew that death on the cross was a cruel death. He knew that it meant a separation from His Father. It meant the taking of the sins of mankind upon Himself. He also knew that it was the fulfilling of His mission.


There is a hymn that the Saints used to sing: "King of my life I crown thee now, Thine shall the glory be, lest I forget thy love for me, lead me to Calvary." We must not forget the pain, the suffering, and the agony that Jesus endured as He prepared to give His life as a sacrifice for the sins of this world. God commended His love toward us while we were yet sinners, because of His great love for us.


Why did Jesus go through such agony in the garden?
What do you think would have happened if He had not died?
Why is the agony in the garden important to the believer?
What can you as a believer do to make people aware of the importance of the garden experience?

Essential Thought-  "He suffered that every sinner might be saved"

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